Synonyms of Dharma words for better understanding of Dharma: 

Abuse:  Harsh speech 

Avenger:  Hatred, malice or ill will 

Arhat:  The highest stage of Enlightenment for Theravada Buddhism.  Arhat is a Sanskrit word and Arahant is a Pali word. 

Asura:  Titan or god of war  

Avolokiteshvara Bodhisattva:  Quan Shi Yin Bodhisattva, 'Goddess' of Mercy, Kuan Yin, Gwan Yin Bodhisattva or Quan Yin Bodhisattva. 

Buddha:  Lord Buddha, Shakyamuni Buddha, Gautama Buddha, The Blessed One or World Honor One 

Buddha mind:  Other names of Buddha mind are Buddha nature, real mind, real nature, true mind or true nature.  

Buddhist:  Buddhist followers 

Chanting Amitabha Buddha's name:  Reciting Amitabha Buddha's name 

Covetousness:  Greed 

Dharma:  There are two kind of Dharma:  Dharma preached by Sangha and Dharma preached by Shakyamuni Buddha with its synonyms are Buddhadharma or Buddha-dharma in Sanskrit word. 

Dharma Protector Bodhisattva:  Skanda Bodhisattva 

God:  Celestial being, deva or heavenly being 

Good karmas:  Blessings or what bring you good lucks and money 

Good wise advisor:  Spiritual advisor 

Heaven:  Heavenly realm, paradise, Zion, fairyland or utopia 

Human being:  Human, mankind or humankind 

Hungry ghost:  Hungry spirit 

Idle talk:  Frivolous talk 

Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva:  Earth Store Bodhisattva 

Law of karma:  Law of cause and effect, law of causality or law of karmic retribution   

Mahasattva:  Mahasattva Bodhisattva, Maha-Bodhisattva or Great Bodhisattva 

Maitreya Buddha:  Maitreya Bodhisattva is not really a BUDDHA yet but will be a Buddha next to Shakyamuni Buddha.  He is often misunderstood by Shakyamuni Buddha by people who does not know much about Buddhism.  Maitreya Bodhisattva's other names are:  Happy Buddha, Buddha of the Spring, Buddha of the future.

Manjushri Bodhisattva:  Great Wisdom Bodhisattva 

Merits:  Merits and virtues 

Pure Land:  There are two meanings: 

        A.  Name of the best method of buddhist practices preached by Shakyamuni Buddha.  Its synomym are Pureland, Pureland Buddhism and Pure Land Buddhism. 

        B.  Pure Land of Amitabha Buddha.  Its synonyms are Western Pure Land, Land of Utmost Bliss, Land of Ultimate Bliss, Ultimate Bliss World and Amitabha Buddha's Pure Land. 

Samantabhadra Bodhisattva:  Universal Worthy Bodhisattva 

Samsāra:  Samsara, the cycle of rebirths and deaths, the cycle of lives or the circle of rebirths

Self:  Unreal mind and unreal body, ego 

Sexual misconduct:  Adultery 

Ten good deeds:  Ten virtuous deeds 

Three lower realms:  Hell realm, hungry ghost realm and animal realm;  three wicked realms or three evil realms

Three poisons:  Three defilements or greed, ill will and ignorance 

Three upper realms:  Human being realm, Asura realm and heavenly being realm 

Wisdom:  Proper understanding of Dharma 

Wrong views:  Error or ignorance 



Explanations of very important words in my opinion for your better practicing Dharma and cultivation: 

Bodhi mind:  For not losing all of your blessings, merits (merits and virtues) and attainments of Pure Land practices, you should make a Bodhi mind in front of a Buddha's statue, a Buddha's statuette or an imaginable Buddha that you will transfer all of your blessings, merits and attainments of Pure Land practices toward your attainment of Buddhahood or becoming a Buddha.  If you do not make a Bodhi mind, all of your blessings, merits and attainments of Pure Land practices will be lost!!!!  Why not making the same Bodhi mind together with a vow to reborn in Pure Land to become a Buddha when you practice Pure Land?  You will save tremendous time of cultivating as a buddhist Monks or Nuns in countless lives to become a Buddha. 

Buddha or BUDDHA:  Common name for Shakyamuni Buddha.  A BUDDHA has many great benefits like living forever, has forever happiness, no one in the universe can make a death of a Buddha (as a Sutra said), no longer being called a sentient being (sentient beings include hell dwellers, hungry ghosts or hungry spirits, animals, human beings, Asuras or Titans, heavenly beings or Gods, Arhats, Pacceka Buddhas and Bodhisattvas), having the best wisdom, having his own Buddha's land with many Boddhisattvas accompanying, having the best Dharma body, being able to preach Sutras to countless of sentient beings with ease, having Buddha's eyes to know everything in the universe, having no more any kinds of sufferings, etc.

Buddhist:  A person takes refuge in the Triple Jewels to keep five precepts.  For keeping precepts well, a buddhist can reborn as a human being again next life 

Compassionate or compassion:  Compassionate is a verb and compassion is a noun.  Anyone who cultivate Buddhism must have both compassion and wisdom.  Because of compassion, a person makes a vow to save himself or herself and other sentient beings out of cycles of rebirth or to become a Buddha.  To attain compassion, that person must have wisdom. 

Cultivate or cultivation:  Cultivate is a verb and cultivation is a noun.  Cultivation has two parts: 

        01.  Doing good deeds like Buddha taught in the sutras.  In other words, doing good deeds like Buddhas and Bodhisattvas do. 

        02.  Avoid doing bad deeds like Buddha taught in the sutras.  In other words, do not do bad deeds like Buddhas and Bodhisattvas do not do. 

Dharma:  There are two kinds of Dharma:  Dharma preached by Sangha and Dharma preached by Shakyamuni Buddha with its synonyms are Buddhadharma or Buddha-dharma in Sanskrit word. 

Enlighten:  Definition of the the word enlighten:  Giving knowledge or spiritual insight to.  For Dharma, enlighten means to give spiritual insight to.  Every worldly bodhisattva's motto is:  Enlighten self and enlighten others.  In other words:  Give wisdoms to self and give wisdoms to others. 

Enlightened mind:  Except for a Fully-Enlightened BUDDHA who no longer called a sentient being, any sentient being who has an Enlightened mind has a Halo on His head. 

Merits:  When you have too much merits, you can have liberation from the circle of rebirths next life but when you have too much blessings or good karmas, even the most amount of blessings, you cannot get out of the cycle of rebirths next life.  More merits give you more wisdom, more blessings give you more good lucks, less illness, longevity and more money.  When you practice Buddhism, you must practice for both blessings and merits.  When you have alot of merits but lack of blessings, you will have wisdom but you are poor next life.  When you have alot of blessings but lack of merits, you will be rich but you are ignorant next life. 

Mindfulness:  Mindfulness is mindfulness of meditation and mindfulness of reciting Amitabha Buddha's name.  We reborn in the cycle of rebirths and deaths again and again because of karmas of our mind we had made either good karmas or bad karmas from our previous lives.  With bad karmas of our mind, we will reborn in the three evil paths hell realm, hungry ghost realm or animal realm.  With good karmas of our mind, we will reborn in human being realm, Asura realm or heavenly being realm.  With no karmas of our mind, we will not reborn again in Samsara.  Mindfulness is a very good method to have no karmas.  To get out of Samsara by mindfulness of meditation or practicing meditation is very difficult.  Only Zen Master can be able to do it.  To get out of Samsara by mindfulness of reciting Amitabha Buddha's name or practicing Pureland Buddhism is very easy.  Like a Pureland Patriarch preached "Ten persons practice Pureland, all ten persons will reborn in Pure Land of Amitabha Buddha." 

Parents:  The first condition of three conditions to reborn in Pure Land said 'Be filial and care for and provide for Parents'.  These are the cultivations of all Buddhas in the past.  According to buddhist doctrines, Parents can be seen like Gods for their children in Buddhism because they take care very much of their children when they raise their children. 

Precepts:  Buddha's law for anyone who want advancement when cultivate Buddhism.  There are precepts for a buddhist, a person who keep the ten virtuous deeds, a novice Monk, a Bhikkhu, a Venerable, different stages of Sagehood.  Keeping precepts are difficult or even very difficult, but the benefits of keeping precepts well are very rewarding. 

Spiritual advisor:  Who provides Dharma needs to everyone. 

Pure Land, Pureland or Pure Land Buddhism:  The best teaching of Shakyamuni Buddha to sentient beings.  All Buddhas support this teaching of Shakyamuni Buddha.  Without Pure Land Buddhism, all Buddhas cannot save all sentient beings out of the cycle of rebirths and deaths. 

Sutra:  A specific work of Shakyamuni Buddha's preaching 

Ten good deeds:  When a person can practice the ten good deeds well all his or her life, he or she will reborn in heaven.  Most of people on earth reborn in three lower realms because of not practicing the ten good deeds but vice versa, doing the ten bad deeds.  Ten bad deeds are the opposites of ten good deeds.  Buddha preached: "All acts of living creatures become bad by ten things, and by avoiding the ten things they become good. There are three evils of the body, four evils of the tongue, and three evils of the mind.

        Three evils of the body are:  Killing, theft, and adultery; four evils of the tongue are:  Lying, slander, abuse, and idle talk; three evils of the mind are:  Greed, hatred, and wrong views.  

        I exhort you to avoid the ten evils: 1. Kill not, but have regard for life. 2. Steal not, neither do you rob; but help everybody to be master of the fruits of his labor. 3. Abstain from impurity, and lead a life of chastity. 4. Lie not, but be truthful. Speak the truth with discretion, fearlessly and in a loving heart. 5. Invent not evil reports, neither do ye repeat them. Carp not, but look for the good sides of your fellow-beings, so that ye may with sincerity defend them against their enemies. 6. Swear not, but speak decently and with dignity. 7. Waste not the time with gossip, but speak to the purpose or keep silence. 8. Covet not, nor envy, but rejoice at the fortunes of other people. 9. Cleanse your heart of malice and cherish no hatred, not even against your enemies; but embrace all living beings with kindness. 10. Free your mind of ignorance and be anxious to learn the truth, especially in the one thing that is needful, lest you fall a prey either to scepticism or to errors. Scepticism will make you indifferent and errors will lead you astray, so that you shall not find the noble path that leads to life eternal." 

The six paramitas that Bodhisattvas cultivate:  Always cultivate the paramitas of giving, abiding by all precepts, patience, diligence, meditative concentration, and wisdom. Teach and help all beings to abide in the way to supreme, perfect Enlightenment.

Truth:  Dharma preached by Sakyamuni Buddha in the sutras.  Truth in Buddhism is the absolute truth, purest and not borrowing, most trustworthy, profound and sublime.  Other large religions have truth too but they are at lower levels, borrowed from each other and Buddhism, the doctrine sometimes created by unqualified persons based on worldly knowledge and personal interests, not united by different branches of practice and divided.  The highest levels of practice of Non-buddhist religions can make a practitioner become a human being again or even a heavenly being only next life.  He or she cannot escape the circle of rebirths.  Buddhism can make a practitioner become a human being again, a heavenly being and an Enlightened being who can escape the circle of rebirths next life like Enlightened Arahat, Enlightened Pacceka Buddha, Enlightened Bodhisattva and Fully-Enlightened BUDDHA.  BUDDHA preached Non-buddhist religions who borrowed some of Buddhism doctrine but do not practice Buddhism are like a person does not wear a uniform but wear a shirt very different from a pair of pants so that person looks weird.  To keep Buddhism pure and authentic, BUDDHA preached whoever tell a lie about Buddhadharma will reborn in hell realm.  Venerable Dharma Master Chin Kung preached buddhists should see practitioners of other branches of buddhist practices like Zen, Pureland, Esoteric practice, Chanting, etc. like brothers and sisters and practitioners of Non-buddhist religions like cousins to keep peace between Buddhism and other religions.  God preached "It is very hard to reborn as a human being again next life."  BUDDHA preached the same so we should be very careful for our practice and cultivation. 

Vegetarian:  Being a vegetarian especially permanent vegetarian will be very good for cultivating Buddhism.  Most Vietnamese buddhists take veggie foods only in four specific days of every month.  Being a vegetarian show compassion for animals, wisdoms for knowing that those animals are your Dads, Moms, family members or relatives from your previous life, avoiding war with those animals when they becomes human beings in your future lives and avoiding indirectly revenges from those animals when they realize that you are the one that indirectly kill them for your joy of meat eating.  Being a permanent vegetarian is a requirement for every Pure Land practitioner.  You can read Dharma talk H for Reiee:   Why you should be a 100% vegetarian and Dharma talk Y for all girls and guys who still eat meat: My simple, very affordable and good tasting vegetarian foods that have made me fly ahead of the world and never turn back since  for more benefits of being a vegetarian. 

Vow:  A part of Bodhi mind when you make a Bodhi mind.  Vow is also a starting vow you need to make when you start practicing Pure Land. 

Wise or wisdom:  Wise is an adjective and wisdom is a noun.  What you attain when you read sutras and Dharma teachings, listen to Dharma talks or view buddhist videos then think about these Dharmas, then cultivate to realize the truth for yourself.